Facing economic crisis, Lebanon’s government weighs options


BEIRUT (Reuters) – Lebanon’s Hezbollah-backed government will walk a political tightrope as it acts to urgently secure foreign funding to ward off financial collapse, and could look to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for assistance.

Lebanon’s President Michel Aoun heads the first meeting of the new cabinet at the presidential palace in Baabda, Lebanon January 22, 2020. REUTERS/Mohamed Azakir

Formed by the Iranian-backed Hezbollah and its allies, the cabinet confronts an economic crisis at a time when Gulf Arab states, who along with Washington label Hezbollah a terrorist group, appear no longer willing to bail out Lebanon.

President Michel Aoun tasked the government at its first meeting on Wednesday with restoring international confidence, which could unlock funding and ease a liquidity crunch that hit the Lebanese pound, fueled inflation and forced bank controls.

Prime Minister Hassan Diab’s cabinet was formed by Hezbollah and allies, including the Free Patriotic Movement founded by Aoun, without the participation of major Lebanese political parties that enjoy Western support.

A senior politician, Alain Aoun, told Reuters on Wednesday that an IMF program is an option for Lebanon depending on terms that should be bearable for the country and not trigger social unrest.

On Wednesday, security forces sprayed water cannon at demonstrators who, unhappy with the new government, gathered again to try to breach a security barricade in central Beirut. Protests were largely peaceful for months, but have gradually turned violent.

Lebanon had been without effective government since Saad al-Hariri, the country’s main Sunni Muslim leader and a traditional ally of the West and Gulf states, resigned as premier in October amid widespread protests against politicians who have led Lebanon into its worst crisis since the 1975-90 civil war.

Lebanon sovereign dollar-bonds moved higher by as much as 1 cent on Wednesday with the formation of a new government.


Lebanon, burdened with a public debt equivalent to about 150% of GDP, won pledges exceeding $11 billion at an international conference in April 2018 conditional on reforms that it has so far failed to implement.

“Your mission is delicate,” Aoun’s office cited him as telling the cabinet. “It is necessary to work to tackle the economic situation, restore the confidence of the international community in Lebanese institutions and reassure the Lebanese about their future.”

Diab has said his first trip abroad would be to the Gulf Arab region – but he will have his work cut out to reassure U.S.-allied rulers there who are concerned about Hezbollah’s rising influence in Beirut.

Lebanon’s banking association said on Wednesday it expected the cabinet to put forward a clear economic and financial program, offering the banks’ support.

A push by Lebanon to rein in a thriving parallel market for dollars hit a snag on Wednesday when currency dealers largely refused to sell at a lower price agreed by the union of exchange dealers with the central bank.

Highlighting the challenges ahead, Finance Minister Ghazi Wazni told local media it was unlikely the Lebanese pound exchange rate to the U.S. dollar would “return to what it was” on the parallel market, referring to the official peg.

Wazni had, shortly after the cabinet was formed, described forthcoming foreign currency sovereign debt maturities as “a fireball”.

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Lebanon should restructure its Eurobonds, including a $1.2 billion Eurobond maturing in March, and secure a multi-billion-dollar IMF bailout, its former labor minister Camille Abousleiman told Reuters.

“I don’t see the logic of the system leaking $500 to $600 million out of Lebanon on the March payment when an actual restructuring of the Eurobonds is next to inevitable,” said Abousleiman, who drafted the legal framework for Lebanon’s bonds from the mid-1990s onwards.

Reporting by Tom Perry, Ellen Francis with additional reporting by Tom Arnold and Eric Knecht in Beirut, Karin Strohecker in London; Writing by Ghaida Ghantous; Editing by Tom Hogue and Mark Heinrich

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